Read And Download ICAN Case Study Pilot Paper 1

NOTE: You can also download the PDF copy of ICAN Case Study pilot Paper 1 HERE

INSTRUCTION: (4 hours including reading time) 

ICAN CASE STUDY PILOT PAPER 1 CANDIDATE NUMBER 1. When instructed: DO NOT TURN OVER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

a. check that your question paper contains all the required pages. The Institute s consecutive page numbering may be found under the base line at the foot of each page; 

b. enter your candidate number in the box provided above. 

2. Number each page of your answer consecutively using the space provided at the top right of each sheet. 

3. After the instruction to stop writing at the end of the paper, you will be given five minutes to assemble your answer in this folder. Fasten your complete script inside this folder using the hole in the back page and the tag provided. 

4. Answer folders and examination stationery, used or unused, must not be removed from the Examination Hall. 

Question papers may, however, be retained by candidates.

2 ICAN CASE STUDY PILOT Paper 1 
Requirement: You are Austin Peterson, a final year trainee in the firm of Moses Oku Chartered Accountants. You are to prepare a draft report to Philip Jasper, the Managing Director of a client company, Clear Grow Limited, as set out in the memo (Exhibit 1) from Stella Weaving, one of the directors of the business advisory arm of the firm Moses Oku. The following overall time allocation is suggested: Reading Planning and calculations Drafting report 1 hour 1 hour 2 hours 2 of 17

3 LIST OF EXHIBITS Exhibit Description 1 from Stella Weaving, partner in Moses Oku Chartered Accountants to you, Austin Peterson 2 from Philip Jasper, Managing Director of Clear Grow Limited (CG Ltd), your client, to Stella Weaving 3 3-year summarized financial statements Clear Grow Limited to 31 December Explanatory notes to the Clear Grow Limited financial statements 5 Letter from of Prizeman plc outlining their bid proposal for acquiring Clear Grow Limited 6 Prizeman plc financial statements for the 2-years ended 31 December Explanatory notes to the Prizeman plc financial statements 3 of 17

4 Moses Oku EXHIBIT 1 From: Stella Weaving To: Austin Peterson Re: Clear Grow Limited Date: 12 March We have received an from Philip Jasper, the Managing Director of one of our clients, Clear Grow Ltd (CG), a software development business, which I have attached to this (Exhibit 2) together with all the attachments which he sent to me (Exhibits 3-7). The attachments include a summary set of CG financial statements for the three years ended 31st December 2013 (Exhibit 3) together with explanatory notes relating to the summary financial statements (Exhibit 4). As Philip Jasper states CG has been approached by Prizeman plc (Prizeman) who are willing to make a bid to buy the whole of the CG business the details of the Prizeman proposal are shown in Exhibit 5. Prizeman has also sent a set of summary financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2013 together with the comparative figures for 2012 (Exhibit 6). Prizeman has also provided a set of explanatory notes relating to their financial statements (Exhibit 7). I have spoken to Philip today and confirmed that CG would like us to provide a report identifying the key financial strengths and any weaknesses as shown in Prizeman s financial statements and explanatory notes, in comparison with the strengths and weaknesses as identified in the information supplied by CG. Required Using the attached information prepare a draft report to Philip Jasper. Your report should comprise Either 1. A. An analysis of the key business, operational and financial, strengths and weaknesses as shown in the Prizeman information and financial statements. Or 1. B. An analysis of the key business, operational and financial strengths and weaknesses as shown in the Clear Grow information and financial statements. In the analysis of either company your report should only concentrate on the key figures and issues, and should provide a clear explanatory commentary together with your judgement and conclusions on the key items which you identify. 2. A calculation of the potential valuation of Clear Grow using the Prizeman criteria (Exhibit 5) and an evaluation and commentary on that valuation and the criteria which Prizeman has proposed, from Clear Grow s perspective. 4 of 17

5 From: Philip Jasper To: Stella Weaving Re: Bid for Clear Grow Limited Date: 10 March 2014 CLEAR GROW LIMITED EXHIBIT 2 Dear Stella, Please find attached a summary set of Clear Grow s financial statements for the three years ended 31 December 2013 together with a set of explanatory notes. The figures in these financial statements are in agreement with the audited financial statements for each of those years. This information will provide you with a comprehensive financial picture of the financial history of our business. Clear Grow Limited future strategy CG will continue with its robust development of significant new software for personnel analysis and accounting in line with market demand. The next product is almost complete and it is anticipated to go full to market during This will have a significant impact on software revenues. Other areas of revenue should also increase in line with or ahead of past trends. Overall CG s market is seen as strong. CG s clients are loyal and the company anticipates further growth from within its client base and by way of new market developments. CG has an employment and management strategy which will allow it to achieve real anticipated growth. CG invests strongly in its skilled workforce and recruits ahead of time offering good remuneration and training packages. It has a collegiate philosophy and operates its employment policies with transparent incentives and good opportunities for advancement within the business. These practices help to ensure its success. Outsourcing is not considered to be an option. CG will continue to invest heavily but appropriately in new IT facilities according to the availability of finance and in anticipation of market needs. CG also has a firm commitment to stick to its core business. The company will not seek external finance Clear Grow as a target for other companies CG is becoming of interest to other businesses seeking to acquire it. CG is new to this situation and the board of directors are aware that although it is flattering to be the subject of this attention they do not have any prior experience in either valuing the CG business or in critically appraising the bids which might come in from other organisations. As a result at recent board meetings there has been an on-going discussion concerning the process which might develop including what strategies might be open to CG to present the company in the best possible light to any bidder. CG has never previously window dressed its financial results although it is aware that other companies do adapt such an approach. Coincidentally Clear Grow Limited has recently received a bid proposal from Prizeman plc. Please find attached Prizeman s bid letter (Exhibit 5); a set of Prizeman 2013 and 2012 financial statements (Exhibit 6) together with explanatory notes (Exhibit 7) for your analysis. 5 of 17

6 Prizeman Group plc (Prizeman) From our initial enquiries CG have established the following facts concerning Prizeman: Prizeman is a software development business providing software to the legal profession for house purchasing and planning purposes. Prizeman was formed in 2006 after a number of smaller businesses merged. Prizeman was listed on the stock exchange more than five years ago, following the takeover of a company named Dataland Limited. The takeover of another company, ARP, occurred in These actions identify that Prizeman has actively pursued a policy of expansion by acquisition and merger [believing] that growth by acquisition enables the group to achieve its targets in an accelerated timeframe. Prizeman seeks enterprise based organisations where owners are also managers. It requires its targets to meet certain basic financial and other key criteria: a constant pattern of growth over the past five years; positive cash flow; balance sheet showing a position of positive net assets. Prizeman s two recent takeovers have been valued on a multiple of adjusted net earnings, the purchase consideration comprising cash and Prizeman shares. According to the limited financial information provided in Exhibit 6, Prizeman s gross revenue at N21,461million indicates that Prizeman generates substantially more revenue than CG and having total assets of N19,832million compared with CG s N4,418million, Prizeman appears to be a much bigger business. Prizeman operates in a related industry. Prizeman s method of valuing its targets, by a multiple of adjusted net earnings is one method of valuing CG but it needs to be critically evaluated. Instructions The Board of Clear Grow Limited would like to instruct Moses Oku to: 1. perform a critical analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the financial statements and operations of Prizeman plc in comparison with the financial statements and operations of CG 2. use the Prizeman criteria to calculate the potential valuation of CG and provide an evaluation and commentary on that valuation and the criteria which Prizeman has proposed, from CG s perspective. I look forward to receiving your report in the near future. Yours sincerely Philip Jasper Managing Director Clear Grow Limited 6 of 17

7 Clear Grow Limited 3 year financial summary (to 31 December 2013) Clear Grow Limited Extracts from summary financial statements for the 3 years ended 31 December 2013 (Updated 7 March 2014) Statement of profit and loss Year ended 31 December Notes N'million N'million N'million Revenue 1 12,583 11,354 9,079 Cost of sales 2 (454) (428) (340) Gross Profit 12,129 10,926 8,339 Administrative expenses 3 (10,709) (9,557) (7,208) Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation 1,420 1,369 1,131 Depreciation and amortisation 4 (337) (527) (516) Profit (Loss) on disposals 4 (6) (10) (13) Operating profit 1, Finance income Profit before tax 1, Taxation (294) (228) (164) Profit after tax Dividend (350) (300) (250) Profit for the period of 17

8 Clear Grow Limited Statement of financial position Notes As at 31 December N'million N'million N'million Non-current assets Intangible assets Tangible assets Current assets Inventories Accounts receivable 6 2,175 1,713 1,088 Cash and cash equivalents 1,455 1,151 1,087 3,707 2,931 2,237 Total assets 4,418 3,707 3,072 Shareholders' equity Ordinary share capital Retained earnings 2,596 2,062 1,678 Total shareholders' equity 2,646 2,112 1,728 Current liabilities Accounts payable Taxes payable Contract payments received in advance Total current liabilities Total shareholder's equity and liabilities 4,418 3,707 3,072 8 of 17

9 Clear Grow Limited Statement of cash flow Year ended 31 December N'million N'million N'million Cash flows from operating activities Profit before tax 1, Adjustments for: Depreciation and amortisation Other operating income (profit on disposals) Finance income (101) (80) (54) Change in accounts receivables (462) (625) (389) Change in inventories (10) (5) (26) Change in accounts payable (trade) (8) Cash generated from operations Interest received Income taxes paid (218) (194) (131) Contract payments received in advance Net cash from operating activities Investing activities Proceeds from disposal of plant and equipment Purchase of property, plant and equipment (280) (484) (437) Net cash used in investing activities (278) (478) (429) Financing activities Dividends paid (350) (300) (250) Net cash (used in)/from financing activities (350) (300) (250) Net change in cash and cash equivalents Cash and cash equivalents at start of year 1,151 1, Cash and cash equivalents at end of year 1,455 1,151 1,087 9 of 17

10 Notes to the Clear Grow financial statements for the three years ended 31 December 2013 EXHIBIT 4 Note 1 Revenue N'million N'million N'million Sales of software and software installation 9,282 8,764 6,904 Training courses income Support services under contract 2,116 1,591 1,231 Other ,583 11,354 9,079 Sales of software increased significantly in 2011 & 2012 caused by a new product sales push. This has been followed by a smaller increase in sales in 2013, which has been a significant year for major new product development. Support services under contact represents fees earned by selling support services contracts to those clients who buy CG products. These are annual contracts which are renewable by negotiation. Support service contracts are taken out by clients when they initially purchase CG software packages. In 2013 these were taken out by the majority of all new clients. A smaller proportion of these clients renew their service contracts for subsequent years. An appropriate proportion of the support service receipts is carried forward in the balance sheet as contract payments received in advance (Note 9). There has been a continued steady increase in training course income. Note 2 Cost of sales Cost of sales are royalty payments made to the original suppliers of the software for sales made by CG. All subsequent product development has been based on this software. Note 3 Administrative expenses N'million N'million N'million Staff salaries 6,597 5,804 3,957 Staff bonus Directors' emoluments 1,950 1,825 1,685 Marketing Other ,709 9,557 7,208 The directors emoluments comprised: Victor Grow Abigail Grow Philip Jasper Total Note 4 Non-current assets Intangible assets Cost: Software distribution rights were purchased from Victor and Abigail Grow in January 2009 for N 300million. 10 of 17

11 Amortisation of the purchase price of those software distribution rights is on a straight line basis over 15 years = N 20million per annum. Tangible assets The company's policy on depreciation is to write down the value of all assets over their commercial useful life on a straight line basis, pro-rated monthly: computer equipment 33.33%; office furniture 15%; motor vehicles 25%. The profits and losses on vehicle disposal occur largely as a result of regular changes and upgrades in the vehicles which are used by CG consultants to travel to CG s clients located throughout the country. Any IT and office equipment disposal is normally donated to charitable organisations or local schools at Nnil proceeds (after the removal of all software in the case of IT equipment). Note 5 Inventories Inventories represent items of office and computer supplies held in the normal course of trade. Note 6 Accounts receivable The accounts receivable balance represents the balance of all items invoiced to clients which remain outstanding at the year end. The balance of outstanding accounts receivable has grown in recent years but the company has traditionally experienced a very small level of bad debts. Note 7 Share capital The shares are held by the three directors: Victor Grow 40%; Abigail Grow 30%; Philip Jasper 30% Note 8 Contract payments received in advance This represents the advance proportion of the amounts received from customers concerning their annual support services contracts which remain to be delivered. 11 of 17

12 The Board of Directors Clear Grow Limited Dear Sirs/Madam, PRIZEMAN GROUP PLC EXHIBIT 5 Re: Prizeman Group plc investment in Clear Grow Limited [Subject to contract] Following previous correspondence and various telephone calls Clear Grow Limited (CG) is asked to consider the following offer, on behalf of Prizeman Group plc (Prizeman), to purchase the whole of Clear Grow Limited as a going concern subject to shareholder approval and subject to contract. Prizeman would be willing to purchase the entire share capital of CG for a multiple of CG s adjusted net profit after tax. Prizeman will use as the basis for a valuation the CG accounts to 31 December Prizeman proposes that the multiple should be 6 times the adjusted net profit after tax. The adjustments Prizeman suggests to be made would be to increase the 2013 net profit after tax, by adding back to profit any directors emoluments for the three key shareholders in excess of N600million in total. The purchase price would comprise N2,000million in cash (raised either by debenture or by a rights issue), payable as soon as the purchase is complete, together with the balance in Prizeman Group plc shares at market price (currently quoted at N15 per share). In our opinion, these adjustments would bring Clear Grow s accounting and remuneration policies into line with Prizeman s policies and make any comparisons of those policies easy. It would also provide a higher profit figure on which the multiple would be applied. We would also like to offer the Clear Grow Managing Director a place on the Prizeman Group plc board as well as requesting that all the current Clear Grow directors be contracted to remain within Clear Grow in their working roles for a period of 36 months at a remuneration figure to be mutually agreed, but not exceeding N200million per annum each. This letter should be read as the first step in the negotiation process but should provide Clear Grow with a clear indication of Prizeman s serious acquisition intentions. Please find below extracts from Prizeman Group plc s latest accounts for the year to 31 December 2013 together with a commentary on the key figures which should substantiate the opinion of the Prizeman board of directors that Prizeman Group plc is a group moving in the right direction. Please note that although Prizeman Group plc has not declared a dividend in the past it is its intention to pay dividends in the future. Yours faithfully George Adams CEO Prizeman plc (on behalf of Prizeman plc Board) 12 of 17

13 Prizeman Group plc (Extracts from group accounts) Consolidated Income Statement Year ended 31 December Commentary N'million N'million Revenue 1 21,461 15,766 Cost of sales 2 (7,403) (5,572) Gross profit 14,058 10,194 Administrative expenses 3 (9,218) (7,527) Earnings before interest, taxation, depreciation and impairment (EBITDI) 4,840 2,667 Impairment 4 (550) (468) Depreciation 5 (594) (403) Loss on disposal (198) (146) Operating profit 3,498 1,650 Finance costs (363) (179) Profit before tax 3,135 1,471 Taxation (783) (368) Profit for the period 2,352 1, of 17

14 Prizeman Group plc (Extracts from group accounts) Consolidated statement of financial position As at 31 December Commentary N'million N'million Non-current assets Intangible assets 4 9,157 9,707 Tangible assets 5 2, ,273 10,668 Current assets Inventories - Work in Progress 6 4,301 2,552 Accounts receivable 4,136 2,761 Cash and cash equivalents ,559 5,551 Total assets 19,832 16,219 Shareholders' equity Ordinary share capital 7 8,540 8,540 Retained earnings 4,090 1,738 Total shareholders' equity 12,630 10,278 Non-current liabilities Loan 8 4,000 4,000 Total non-current liabilities 4,000 4,000 Current liabilities Accounts payable 2,408 1,529 Taxes payable Total current liabilities Total shareholder's equity and liabilities 19,832 16, of 17

15 Prizeman Group plc (Extracts from group accounts) Consolidated statement of cash flow Year ended 31 December Commentary N'million N'million Cash flows from operating activities Profit before tax 3,135 1,471 Adjustments for: Finance costs Impairment Depreciation Loss on disposals Change in accounts receivables (1,375) (891) Change in work in progress (1,749) (957) Change in accounts payable Cash generated from operations 2, Interest paid (363) (179) Income taxes paid (401) (215) Net cash from operating activities 1, Investing activities Proceeds from disposal of non-current assests Purchase of non-current assets 4 & 5 (1,991) (6,138) Net cash used in investing activities (1,947) (6,086) Financing activities Increase in long-term borrowings - 4,000 Proceeds from the issue of shares - 1,520 Net cash (used in)/from financing activities - 5,520 Net change in cash and cash equivalents (116) (20) Cash and cash equivalents at start of year Cash and cash equivalents at end of year of 17

16 Prizeman Group plc As at 31 December 2013 Non-current assets Intangible assets N'million Goodwill at cost at 1 January ,675 Additions in the year ended 31 December ,500 Impairment in the year ended 31 December 2012 (468) Carrying value as 31 December ,707 Impairment in the year ended 31 December 2013 (550) Carrying value as 31 December ,157 Tangible assets Total N'million Cost At 1 January Additions 638 Disposals (385) At 31 December ,629 Depreciation At 1 January ,452 On disposals (187) Charge for the year 403 At 31 December ,668 Carry value 31 December Cost At 1 January ,629 Additions 1,991 Disposals (671) At 31 December ,949 Depreciation At 1 January ,668 On disposals (429) Charge for the year 594 At 31 December ,833 Carry value 31 December , of 17

17 Explanatory commentary on the Prizeman financial statements EXHIBIT 7 
1. The increase in Prizeman Group plc s revenue in 2013 is due to ARP, acquired in the year to 31 December 2012, coming fully on stream in the year to 31 December The revenue of ARP prior to its acquisition was approximately N6,200 million per annum and its EBITDI was N2,448 million. The effect of Prizeman Group s acquisitions since 31 December 2010 is that revenue has virtually doubled in the past three years. 
2. Cost of sales is mainly the salaries of the design engineers and attributable overheads. 3. Administrative expenses include all directors remuneration: salaries, pensions and bonuses paid to our directors. The highest paid director earns remuneration of N250million. Pension contributions for all directors are up to a maximum of 20% of basic salary. 
4. Impairment in 2013 is the writing down by N550million of the purchased goodwill of N5,500million created by the purchase of ARP to reflect changes in ARP s client base since the time of the acquisition. In 2012 the impairment related to the previously acquired Dataland purchased goodwill. 
5. Tangible assets policies on depreciation are based on the expected economic lives, pro-rated monthly, of the various categories of assets: computer equipment 20% reducing balance; office furniture 10% straight line; motor vehicles 25% straight line. During the year to 31 December 2013 there has been a significant level of expenditure (N1,320million) on refurbishing and upgrading the facilities at our head office, as well as investing in a new fleet of vehicles for our board members. Prizeman is proud that its offices and cars send a message of success to those who do business with the company. 
6. Inventories work in progress represents the cost of commissioned work being conducted on the development of bespoke software for certain legal practices and software for house-sellers. 
7. Ordinary share capital comprises 74 million shares of N10 each. The number of shares in issue increased during the year to 31 December 2012 as part of the 100% acquisition of ARP during that year. Prizeman has no share options at this current time. 8. The loan is a 5 year 8% bank loan which was taken out during the year to 31 December 2012 to provide additional funds to finance expansion and create increased working capital. 17 of 17